I've been looking at electricity demand response to changing electricity prices within a energy building model like EnergyPlus or DOE2.2. I haven't found this feature embedded in them. I've found three papers on the subject:
1.) This one uses a custom energy model with a cost-minimizing sub-routine that is hard-linked: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/239864909_Load_Control_Usi...
The methodology posited may consider higher electricity prices, and then there is a sub-routine that changes thermostat setting so as to minimize cost.
2.) This one does the same, although the residential model is also custom, and is more involved: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/310453766_Residential_load...
3.) This one also uses a custom model, although not only is the residential model more detailed, but it's posits the maximization of the household's satisfaction, as opposed to minimizing costs:
I've seen all these papers that look at demand response, but using custom models. I'm wondering if EnergyPlus, or the like, is capable of this.